Stella 1 (1st c. AD)

Stella 1

Massimo Capulli and Filipe Castro



The Anaxum Project is a collaboration with the Dipartimento di Storia e Tutela dei Beni Culturali dell’Università di Udine and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Friuli Venezia Giulia. The project mission is the study of the River Stella, in Northern Italy, throughout time.  In the summer of 2011, a team from ProMare, Texas A&M’s Nautical Archaeology Program, and the Institute of Nautical Archaeology excavated the Stella 1 Roman barge, under the direction of Massimo Capulli from the University of Udine, and Filipe Castro from Texas A&M University, and under the scientific supervision of Luigi Fozzati of the Italian Ministry of Heritage and Cultural Activities.  The excavation was made possible thanks to the generous support of ProMare, the Center for Maritime Archaeology and Conservation (CMAC), and Dr. Peter and Nancy Amaral, Texas A&M Alumni and long time supporters of the Ship Reconstruction Laboratory / CMAC.

Found in 1981 in the River Stella, near the villages of Palazzolo dello Stella and Preccenico, in Italy, the Stella 1 barge was dated to the first quarter of the first century CE based on the ceramic materials it carried.  Its planks we-re laced together and its cargo consisted mainly of roof tiles, both embrici and copii.

It was excavated in 1998 and 1999, and a more detailed recording was achieved in the summer of 2011.  This report refers to the 2011 archaeological intervention on the shipwreck.  This excavation is part of a wider project of study of the Stella River cultural landscape through time.  A number of models have been developed in the ShipLAB and we are currently trying to estimate the plausible size of this barge based on the cargo arrangement recorded in the 1990s, and the structural soundness of the boat.

The study of the artifact dispersion has continued under the direction of Massimo Capulli.  Other shipwrecks have been found in this area, including the Precenicco shipwreck, excavated and studyed by Massimo Capulli, and will be recorded and studied as part of the ANAXUM Project, a study of the River Stella and its region through time.





The study of this shipwreck was started by the team of engineers in charge of the excavation of the Cais do Sodré subway station.



Story of the Ship

Not much is known .


We do not have information.


This site was found in s.

Site Formation Process




The site exposed consisted of a




Ship Fittings









Hull Remains












Personal Items













Castro, F., and Capulli, M., 2016. “The Stella 1 Roman Laced Barge.” International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, 45.1: 27-39.

Capulli, M., and Castro, F., 2014. “Navi cucite di epoca romana: il caso del relitto Stella 1” in Asta, A., Caniato, G., Gnola, D., Medas, S., eds., Atti del II° Convegno Nazionale di Archeologia, Storia, Etnologia Navale per la Salvezza del Patrimonio Marittimo Italiano Museo della Marineria di Cesenatico (13-14 April 2012), Breda: Libreria Universitaria.

Capulli, M., and Castro, F., 2012. “Anaxum Project” INA Quarterly 39.3/4: 15.

Fozzati, L., Capulli, M. and Castro, F., 2011. “The Stella 1 Shipwreck” CMAC News and Reports 3.2: 17-19.

Castro, F. and Capulli, M., 2011. The Stella 1 Shipwreck – Hull Description – ShipLab Report 14. On file in Nautical Archaeological Program Library, Texas A&M University.